Doctor of Philosophy in Education, Curriculum & Instruction


The Doctor of Philosophy in Education (PhD), with emphasis in Curriculum and Instruction degree is designed to prepare graduate students to conduct educational research in highly specialized disciplines. Progress through the degree provides students with opportunities to develop specialized disciplinary content and research knowledge along with scholarly experiences that will provide the foundational knowledge and skills required for success as faculty in higher education and in research organizations.

The program addresses topics specific to Montana including working with rural communities and Native Americans on state and other educational issues. Graduates of this PhD program in education will be well-positioned to directly and positively affect the data driven culture related to improving the educational systems of Montana and beyond.

Program Flow

After being admitted to the PhD program, the student will be assigned a temporary advisor and should then meet with his/her assigned advisor. Actual courses taken during the initial stage will be based on the student's previous academic work and advisor/committee approval.

The program is designed to be specifically tailored to each doctoral student's related research interest while providing cutting edge knowledge and skills in research and theory. 

Program of Study

Core Content (13 Credit Hours)
Required Core Content Courses (6 Credit Hours)6
Doctoral Seminar
Dissertation Seminar
Or approved substitutions
Choose: (9 Credit Hours from the following)9
Higher Education History and Philosophy
Leading Social Justice
Leadership and Organizational Theory
College Teaching
Advanced Educational Psychology
Or approved substitutions
Curriculum & Instruction Concentration Options (15 Credit Hours)15
Electives appropriate to area of specialization (Curriculum Design; English Language Arts Education; Social Studies Education; Science Education) and approved by Graduate Advisor.
Required Research Courses (18 Credit Hours)
Required (9 Credit Hours)9
Educational Statistics II
Quantitative Educational Research
Qualitative Educational Research
Advanced Research Electives (Choose 9 Credit Hours)9
Mixed Methods Research Design in Education
Advanced Qualitative Research
Advanced Quantitative Research
Critical Race Theory
Indigenous Methodologies in Educational Research
Institutional Research and Assessment
Planning Program Assessment
Electives also may be taken that are appropriate to the research area of specialization and approved by the graduate advisor.
Dissertation (18 Credit Hours)18
Doctoral Thesis
Total Credits66

Residency Requirement

The PhD requires one year of on campus full-time residency. The residency requirement consists of two consecutive semesters of full-time enrollment (6-9 credits per semester) in PhD coursework.


Each doctoral student's committee must consist of at least four approved members. The chair and one other approved member must be from the Curriculum & Instruction faculty. Two other approved members will be selected based upon their ability to contribute to the student's studies leading up to and through the dissertation research. These two committee members must have academic credentials in the area of the student's program of study and be approved by the Head of the Department of Education and Dean of The Graduate School. For information regarding graduate representatives, please refer to the Graduate School policy.


The student should carefully select a chair after thorough conversations with those Curriculum & Instruction faculty members that he/she believes might have an interest in his/her doctoral research agenda and/or the ability to work with him/her toward generating a defensible dissertation. The chair will give leadership and approval regarding the balance of the committee's potential membership. The committee, as a whole, is subject to the approval of the Head of the Department of Education. The chair will facilitate program approval, comprehensive exam planning and clarification, proposal hearing, and dissertation defense. Chairs and members of a student's committee are subject to change. Revision to the program of study can be made during the course of study with the chair's approval.

Comprehensive Examinations

As PhD students in Curriculum & Instruction approach the end of their coursework (46 credits completed), and prior to the Dissertation proposal meeting, they will contact their committee chair to discuss the content and format of the required written and oral comprehensive examinations. The comprehensive exams must be completed by the posted Graduate School deadlines.

Additional Requirements

The PhD degree must meet the minimum requirements in the For Doctoral Students section of the Graduate School's website. Additional requirements for the PhD degree beyond these minimums are available through the Department of Education. All PhD degree candidates are expected to be familiar with both The Graduate School's degree requirements listed here: and the Department of Education degree requirements listed on the department website.

How to Apply

Application requirements can be accessed through the Department of Education's Doctor of Philosophy in Curriculum & Instruction Application Process web page. Apply online through The Graduate School.

Contact Information

Dr. Nicholas Lux, Program Leader

Office of Graduate Programs in Education
Phone: 406-994-6786 Email:

Application Process for the PhD in Education, Curriculum & Instruction

Applicants are required to complete the online application and submit the following documentation via the Graduate School Online Application System

1. Completed Graduate School Application

2. GPA calculation sheet (The form is provided during the application process)

3. Resume/Curriculum Vitae

4. Documentation of verbal and quantitative skills needed for the degree: The general test of the Graduate Record Examination (GRE) is required. Official scores can be sent to Montana State University (code 4488). There is no minimum score requirement. Applications are reviewed holistically and take into account all elements.

5. Academic Transcripts: Applicants must provide Official transcripts verifying all Bachelor’s degree and Master’s degree coursework. Unofficial transcripts may be uploaded during the online application process. Official transcripts must be sent from the Institution directly to the Department of Education Graduate Programs Office, 215 Reid Hall, PO Box 172880, Montana State University, Bozeman, MT 59717.  Electronic transcripts are also acceptable as long as they arrive directly from the applicants’ certifying university.  Please have electronic transcripts sent to Transcripts will be evaluated for rigor and academic fit.

6. Personal Essay: Suggested length is 2-3 typed, double-spaced pages. The applicant should briefly describe the following:

  • Education and other educational professional experiences
  • Research interests and experience including alignment with faculty interests and expertise and an example of research experiences using educational theory, research methods, and application.
  • Professional goals

7. Three (3) Professional References: The letters should be from individuals qualified to assess the following:

  • Knowledge in chosen field
  • Motivation and perseverance toward goals
  • Ability to work independently
  • Ability to express thoughts in speech and writing
  • Ability/potential for college teaching
  • Ability to plan and conduct research

8.   For International Applicants ONLY: In addition to the above, International applicants will be required to submit the following:

  • English proficiency scores: TOEFL [80], IELTS [level 6.5], or PTE [54], are necessary for applicants who are not U.S. citizens and not from countries where English is the official language. This requirement is waived if the applicant has earned an undergraduate or graduate degree from an institution in the U.S. For more information on the International application process, see this link:
  • Evidence of Financial Support: International Student Financial Certificate
  • Proof of funds (if self-funded)
  • Copy of applicant’s passport
  • Degree certificates as well as an English translation for all non-English academic transcripts and credentials. Photocopies can be used to initiate the application process; however, official transcripts/credentials are still required upon admission.

*Note: Applicants may be contacted for an interview by the program specific applicant review committee.

Application Deadlines

Below is the deadline by which all of the application materials for the PhD in Education must be submitted via the online application system. Students matriculate into the PhD program in the fall semester only. Applications to the PhD programs are reviewed once per year at the April 1st deadline. Applications received after the deadline may be reviewed for acceptance on a case-by-case basis.

  • Fall Semester:  April 1st

*An early review deadline of February 1st has been set for those applicants wanting to be considered for Graduate Assistantships. Graduate Assistantships require students to work on campus 19 hours per week. Applications must be complete for an early review.

Admission Process

Complete applications will be reviewed by members of the Graduate Admissions Committee who then convene to make final admission decisions. Once a decision has been made the application will be forwarded to The Graduate School for final administrative processing.  Please note that the application review process will begin on the application deadline dates and not before.

Contact Information

Micki MacGregor, Graduate Program Assistant
PO Box 172880, Reid Hall 215
Department of Education, Montana State University
Bozeman, MT 59717-2880 
Phone: 406-994-6786 Email: